How to sell me on investing in your startup Photo by Goashape on Unsplash
As an angel investor and startup mentor, I hear a lot of startup pitches. To be blunt, most of them aren’t very good.
They might even have beautiful graphics and the right words on each slide. Most follow a template with the right information. And yet, most fall flat because they’re missing the point. In fact, they fall flat because they’re following a template instead of focusing on the point of the pitch.
What, then, is the point of a pitch? Why are you sending me a pitch deck and spending most of your day hunting for investors? You want money, of course. But what does an investor like me want?
Will I invest in a startup because it has a great product? No. A great product is necessary, but not sufficient. It’s not the reason I invest.
Will I invest in a startup because it has a great team? Again, necessary but not the reason.
How about an important social impact? A huge carbon reduction? Diverse founders? Support the community? Points in favor, for sure, but not the point.
So why do I invest? It ought to be painfully obvious — I invest in startups to make money.
When you pitch to me, you need to show me why putting money into your startup is a good investment.
Never forget you’re selling something — stock in your business.
I’m looking to buy something — stock in a startup — that you’re looking to sell. Instead of thinking of the pitch as a way to cram as much information as possible about the business into 10 minutes, think of it as a sales presentation selling stock instead of software.
Like any other sales presentation, you need to show why I should buy your stock instead of that of another startup. (Hint: it has the best risk vs return profile.)
Stand up and declare, “Our startup will not only be the 1 out of 10 investments to succeed, but I guarantee it’ll be the best investment you’ll ever make.”
Great. You’re halfway there. That’s a perfect wrap-up statement. Now use the other 10 minutes of your pitch to prove it.The 3-Legged Pitch Stool
Proving the startup is a great investment consists of 3 distinct ideas. The pitch needs to cover all 3. Without one of these sections, the pitch is like a 3-legged stool with a broken leg.1. The Current Product
What is the company building and why? A great investment starts with a big market need. Slides include:
- Market opportunity
- Current traction
You’ve got a great product. Now show me how you’ll turn that into a business with $100M in revenues within 5 years. Slides include:
- Important milestones
- How you’ll reach millions of users
- IP strategy or moat to keep competitors from copying you
- Team that can build and scale the business
- 5 year revenue projections
You’ve only a got a killer product and a can’t-fail plan for growth. Now you’re ready to prove the most important point — that buying stock in the company is a great investment. Slides include:
- Exit strategy with comps — who’ll buy the business and what are typical metrics for acquisition
- Investment history including past investment and future finance needs
- Deal terms including amount raising, valuation, financial instrument, deal lead and amount of round already closed or soft-circled
This list is specifically for a seed/pre-seed pitch. Once the company is raising Series A, the pitch needs to be modified a bit. Current traction becomes critical with investors wanting to dig into details of revenues, growth, customer acquisition costs, and churn. The exit strategy can be left off when talking to industry funds that know the exit environment better than you.Template vs investment pitch
Let’s consider the team slide as an example. Every pitch deck has a team slide. Most are not very good.
The team slide usually fails because it’s just a list of managers and advisors. It shows their role and the various companies where they’ve work. Like the rest of a pitch, my reaction is “so what?”
You’ve told me who the team is, but you need to convinced me it’s the perfect team not only to build the product and business, but to generate a big financial return to investors.
Has the team led previous startups to successful exits? Have they built a highly-functioning organization from scratch? Do they have specialized industry expertise that competitors can’t replicate? Highlight those points and leave out everything else.
A startup might have 10 advisors. Do we care who the lawyer and accountants are? Usually not. A few advisors who are incredibly helpful and insightful? Great to have but investors don’t know them, best to leave them off the deck. Working regularly with an advisor who’s built the biggest startup in same space? A founder of Tesla? Let’s hear more about those relationships and leave out everyone else no matter how useful they actually are.
If this sounds like window dressing, it is. Your pitch is the display window for your store where you’re selling stock. You can’t fit everything in the window, so make a statement here to convince us to come inside and see the details in due diligence.A Pitch to Leave Us Drooling
The best pitches not only convince investors that the company has a good product, a good business, and a good investment offering, but that this is the once in a lifetime opportunity for make an investment that will dwarf all others. This is the one we’ll brag about forever.
Aim to leave investors not only interested in investing in the company but drooling to do so. Not only asking for more information, but begging to take their money.
The 3 Legs of a Startup Pitch That Leaves Investors Begging For More was originally published in Entrepreneur's Handbook on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.
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